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TS80C31X2-MCB

hot TS80C31X2-MCB

TS80C31X2-MCB

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Part Number TS80C31X2-MCB
Manufacturer Microchip Technology
Description IC MCU 8BIT ROMLESS 44PLCC
Datasheet TS80C31X2-MCB Datasheet
Package 44-LCC (J-Lead)
In Stock 30148 piece(s)
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Lead Time Can Ship Immediately
Estimated Delivery Time Nov 25 - Nov 30 (Choose Expedited Shipping)
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TS80C31X2-MCB Specifications

ManufacturerMicrochip Technology
CategoryIntegrated Circuits (ICs) - Embedded - Microcontrollers
Datasheet TS80C31X2-MCB Datasheet
Package44-LCC (J-Lead)
Series80C
Core Processor80C51
Core Size8-Bit
Speed40/20MHz
ConnectivityUART/USART
PeripheralsPOR
Number of I/O32
Program Memory TypeROMless
RAM Size128 x 8
Voltage - Supply (Vcc/Vdd)4.5 V ~ 5.5 V
Oscillator TypeInternal
Operating Temperature0°C ~ 70°C (TA)
Package / Case44-LCC (J-Lead)
Supplier Device Package44-PLCC (16.59x16.59)

TS80C31X2-MCB Datasheet

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TS80C31X28-bit CMOS Microcontroller ROMless 1. Description TS80C31X2 is high performance CMOS and ROMless versions of the 80C51 CMOS single chip 8-bit microcontroller. The TS80C31X2 retains all features of the TSC80C31 with 128 bytes of internal RAM, a 5-source, 4 priority level interrupt system, an on-chip oscilator and two timer/ counters. In addition, the TS80C31X2 has a dual data pointer, a more versatile serial channel that facilitates multiprocessor communication (EUART) and a X2 speed improvement mechanism. The fully static design of the TS80C31X2 allows to reduce system power consumption by bringing the clock frequency down to any value, even DC, without loss of data. The TS80C31X2 has 2 software-selectable modes of reduced activity for further reduction in power consumption. In the idle mode the CPU is frozen while the timers, the serial port and the interrupt system are still operating. In the power-down mode the RAM is saved and all other functions are inoperative. 2. Features ● 80C31 Compatible • 8031 pin and instruction compatible • Four 8-bit I/O ports • Two 16-bit timer/counters • 128 bytes scratchpad RAM ● High-Speed Architecture • 40 MHz @ 5V, 30MHz @ 3V • X2 Speed Improvement capability (6 clocks/ machine cycle) 30 MHz @ 5V, 20 MHz @ 3V (Equivalent to 60 MHz @ 5V, 40 MHz @ 3V) ● Dual Data Pointer ● Asynchronous port reset ● Interrupt Structure with • 5 Interrupt sources, • 4 priority level interrupt system ● Full duplex Enhanced UART • Framing error detection • Automatic address recognition ● Power Control modes • Idle mode • Power-down mode • Power-off Flag ● Once mode (On-chip Emulation) ● Power supply: 4.5-5.5V, 2.7-5.5V ● Temperature ranges: Commercial (0 to 70oC) and Industrial (-40 to 85oC) ● Packages: PDIL40, PLCC44, VQFP44 1.4, PQFP F1 (13.9 footprint)Rev. C - 15 January, 2001 1

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TS80C31X23. Block Diagram Timer 0 INT RAM 128x8 T 0 T 1 R x D T x D WR RD EA PSEN ALE/ XTAL2 XTAL1 EUART CPU Timer 1 IN T 1 Ctrl IN T 0 (1) (1) C51 CORE (1) (1) (1) (1) Port 0 P 0 Port 1 Port 2 Port 3 Parallel I/O Ports & Ext. Bus P 1 P 2 P 3 IB-bus R E S E T PROG (1)(1) (1): Alternate function of Port 32 Rev. C - 15 January, 2001

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Rev. C - 15 January, 2001 3 TS80C31X2 4. SFR Mapping The Special Function Registers (SFRs) of the TS80C31X2 fall into the following categories: • C51 core registers: ACC, B, DPH, DPL, PSW, SP, AUXR1 • I/O port registers: P0, P1, P2, P3 • Timer registers: TCON, TH0, TH1, TMOD, TL0, TL1 • Serial I/O port registers: SADDR, SADEN, SBUF, SCON • Power and clock control registers: PCON • Interrupt system registers: IE, IP, IPH • Others: CKCON Table 1. All SFRs with their address and their reset value Bit address- able Non Bit addressable 0/8 1/9 2/A 3/B 4/C 5/D 6/E 7/F F8h FFh F0h B 0000 0000 F7h E8h EFh E0h ACC 0000 0000 E7h D8h DFh D0h PSW 0000 0000 D7h C8h CFh C0h C7h B8h IP XXX0 0000 SADEN 0000 0000 BFh B0h P3 1111 1111 IPH XXX0 0000 B7h A8h IE 0XX0 0000 SADDR 0000 0000 AFh A0h P2 1111 1111 AUXR1 XXXX XXX0 A7h 98h SCON 0000 0000 SBUF XXXX XXXX 9Fh 90h P1 1111 1111 97h 88h TCON 0000 0000 TMOD 0000 0000 TL0 0000 0000 TL1 0000 0000 TH0 0000 0000 TH1 0000 0000 CKCON XXXX XXX0 8Fh 80h P0 1111 1111 SP 0000 0111 DPL 0000 0000 DPH 0000 0000 PCON 00X1 0000 87h 0/8 1/9 2/A 3/B 4/C 5/D 6/E 7/F reserved

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TS80C31X25. Pin Configuration 5 4 3 2 1 6 44 43 42 41 40 P 1 .4 P 1 .0 P 1 .1 P 1 .3 P 1 .2 V S S 1 /N IC * V C C P 0 .0 /A D 0 P 0 .2 /A D 2 P 0 .1 /A D 1 P0.4/AD4 P0.6/AD6 P0.5/AD5 P0.7/AD7 ALE PSEN EA NIC* P2.7/A15 P2.5/A13 P2.6/A14 P 3 .6 /W R P 3 .7 /R D X T A L 2 X T A L 1 V S S P 2 .0 /A 8 P 2 .1 /A 9 P 2 .2 /A 1 0 P 2 .3 /A 1 1 P 2 .4 /A 1 2 43 42 41 40 3944 38 37 36 35 34 P 1 .4 P 1 .0 P 1 .1 P 1 .3 P 1 .2 V S S 1 /N IC * V C C P 0 .0 /A D 0 P 0 .2 /A D 2 P 0 .3 /A D 3 P 0 .1 /A D 1 P0.4/AD4 P0.6/AD6 P0.5/AD5 P0.7/AD7 ALE PSEN EA NIC* P2.7/A15 P2.5/A13 P2.6/A14 P1.5 P1.6 P1.7 RST P3.0/RxD NIC* P3.1/TxD P3.2/INT0 P3.3/INT1 P3.4/T0 P3.5/T1 P 3 .6 /W R P 3 .7 /R D X T A L 2 X T A L 1 V S S P 2 .0 /A 8 P 2 .1 /A 9 P 2 .2 /A 1 0 P 2 .3 /A 1 1 P 2 .4 /A 1 2 P1.5 P1.6 P1.7 RST P3.0/RxD NIC* P3.1/TxD P3.2/INT0 P3.3/INT1 P3.4/T0 P3.5/T1 P 0 .3 /A D 3 N IC * N IC * *NIC: No Internal Connection 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 39 38 37 36 35 34 33 32 31 30 29 PLCC44 33 32 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 PQFP44 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 VQFP44 P1.7 RST P3.0/RxD P3.1/TxD P1.3 1 P1.5 P3.2/INT0 P3.3/INT1 P3.5/T1 P3.6/WR P3.7/RD XTAL2 XTAL1 VSS P2.0 / A8 P2.1 / A9 P2.2 / A10 P2.3 / A11 P2.4 / A12 P0.4 / A4 P0.6 / A6 P0.5 / A5 P0.7 / A7 ALE/PROG PSEN EA/VPP P2.7 / A15 P2.5 / A13 P2.6 / A14 P1.0 / T2 P1.1 / T2EX VCC P0.0 / A0 P0.1 / A1 P0.2 / A2 P0.3 / A3 PDIL/ 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 40 39 38 37 36 35 34 33 32 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 CDIL40 P1.6 P1.4 P1.2 P3.4/T04 Rev. C - 15 January, 2001

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TS80C31X2 Table 2. Pin Description for 40/44 pin packages MNEMONIC PIN NUMBER TYPE NAME AND FUNCTION DIL LCC VQFP 1.4 VSS 20 22 16 I Ground: 0V reference Vss1 1 39 I Optional Ground: Contact the Sales Office for ground connection. VCC 40 44 38 I Power Supply: This is the power supply voltage for normal, idle and power- down operation P0.0-P0.7 39-32 43-36 37-30 I/O Port 0: Port 0 is an open-drain, bidirectional I/O port. Port 0 pins that have 1s written to them float and can be used as high impedance inputs. Port 0 pins must be polarized to Vcc or Vss in order to prevent any parasitic current consumption. Port 0 is also the multiplexed low-order address and data bus during access to external program and data memory. In this application, it uses strong internal pull-up when emitting 1s. P1.0-P1.7 1-8 2-9 40-44 1-3 I/O Port 1: Port 1 is an 8-bit bidirectional I/O port with internal pull-ups. Port 1 pins that have 1s written to them are pulled high by the internal pull-ups and can be used as inputs. As inputs, Port 1 pins that are externally pulled low will source current because of the internal pull-ups. P2.0-P2.7 21-28 24-31 18-25 I/O Port 2: Port 2 is an 8-bit bidirectional I/O port with internal pull-ups. Port 2 pins that have 1s written to them are pulled high by the internal pull-ups and can be used as inputs. As inputs, Port 2 pins that are externally pulled low will source current because of the internal pull-ups. Port 2 emits the high-order address byte during fetches from external program memory and during accesses to external data memory that use 16-bit addresses (MOVX @DPTR).In this application, it uses strong internal pull-ups emitting 1s. During accesses to external data memory that use 8-bit addresses (MOVX @Ri), port 2 emits the contents of the P2 SFR. P3.0-P3.7 10-17 11, 13-19 5, 7-13 I/O Port 3: Port 3 is an 8-bit bidirectional I/O port with internal pull-ups. Port 3 pins that have 1s written to them are pulled high by the internal pull-ups and can be used as inputs. As inputs, Port 3 pins that are externally pulled low will source current because of the internal pull-ups. Port 3 also serves the special features of the 80C51 family, as listed below. 10 11 5 I RXD (P3.0): Serial input port 11 13 7 O TXD (P3.1): Serial output port 12 14 8 I INT0 (P3.2): External interrupt 0 13 15 9 I INT1 (P3.3): External interrupt 1 14 16 10 I T0 (P3.4): Timer 0 external input 15 17 11 I T1 (P3.5): Timer 1 external input 16 18 12 O WR (P3.6): External data memory write strobe 17 19 13 O RD (P3.7): External data memory read strobe Reset 9 10 4 I Reset: A high on this pin for two machine cycles while the oscillator is running, resets the device. An internal diffused resistor to VSS permits a power-on reset using only an external capacitor to VCC. ALE 30 33 27 O (I) Address Latch Enable: Output pulse for latching the low byte of the address during an access to external memory. In normal operation, ALE is emitted at a constant rate of 1/6 (1/3 in X2 mode) the oscillator frequency, and can be used for external timing or clocking. Note that one ALE pulse is skipped during each access to external data memory. PSEN 29 32 26 O Program Store ENable: The read strobe to external program memory. When executing code from the external program memory, PSEN is activated twice each machine cycle, except that two PSEN activations are skipped during each access to external data memory. PSEN is not activated during fetches from internal program memory. EA 31 35 29 I External Access Enable: EA must be externally held low to enable the device to fetch code from external program memory locations. XTAL1 19 21 15 I Crystal 1: Input to the inverting oscillator amplifier and input to the internal clock generator circuits. XTAL2 18 20 14 O Crystal 2: Output from the inverting oscillator amplifierRev. C - 15 January, 2001 5

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TS80C31X26. TS80C31X2 Enhanced Features In comparison to the original 80C31, the TS80C31X2 implements some new features, which are: • The X2 option. • The Dual Data Pointer. • The 4 level interrupt priority system. • The power-off flag. • The ONCE mode. • Enhanced UART 6.1 X2 Feature The TS80C31X2 core needs only 6 clock periods per machine cycle. This feature called ”X2” provides the following advantages: ● Divide frequency crystals by 2 (cheaper crystals) while keeping same CPU power. ● Save power consumption while keeping same CPU power (oscillator power saving). ● Save power consumption by dividing dynamically operating frequency by 2 in operating and idle modes. ● Increase CPU power by 2 while keeping same crystal frequency. In order to keep the original C51 compatibility, a divider by 2 is inserted between the XTAL1 signal and the main clock input of the core (phase generator). This divider may be disabled by software. 6.1.1 Description The clock for the whole circuit and peripheral is first divided by two before being used by the CPU core and peripherals. This allows any cyclic ratio to be accepted on XTAL1 input. In X2 mode, as this divider is bypassed, the signals on XTAL1 must have a cyclic ratio between 40 to 60%. Figure 1. shows the clock generation block diagram. X2 bit is validated on XTAL1÷2 rising edge to avoid glitches when switching from X2 to STD mode. Figure 2. shows the mode switching waveforms. Figure 1. Clock Generation Diagram XTAL1 2 CKCON reg X2 state machine: 6 clock cycles. CPU control FOSC FXTAL 0 1 XTAL1:26 Rev. C - 15 January, 2001

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TS80C31X2Figure 2. Mode Switching Waveforms The X2 bit in the CKCON register (See Table 3.) allows to switch from 12 clock cycles per instruction to 6 clock cycles and vice versa. At reset, the standard speed is activated (STD mode). Setting this bit activates the X2 feature (X2 mode). CAUTION In order to prevent any incorrect operation while operating in X2 mode, user must be aware that all peripherals using clock frequency as time reference (UART, timers) will have their time reference divided by two. For example a free running timer generating an interrupt every 20 ms will then generate an interrupt every 10 ms. UART with 4800 baud rate will have 9600 baud rate. XTAL1:2 XTAL1 CPU clock X2 bit X2 ModeSTD Mode STD ModeRev. C - 15 January, 2001 7

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TS80C31X2 Table 3. CKCON Register CKCON - Clock Control Register (8Fh) Reset Value = XXXX XXX0b Not bit addressable For further details on the X2 feature, please refer to ANM072 available on the web (http://www.atmel-wm.com) 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 - - - - - - - X2 Bit Number Bit Mnemonic Description 7 - Reserved The value read from this bit is indeterminate. Do not set this bit. 6 - Reserved The value read from this bit is indeterminate. Do not set this bit. 5 - Reserved The value read from this bit is indeterminate. Do not set this bit. 4 - Reserved The value read from this bit is indeterminate. Do not set this bit. 3 - Reserved The value read from this bit is indeterminate. Do not set this bit. 2 - Reserved The value read from this bit is indeterminate. Do not set this bit. 1 - Reserved The value read from this bit is indeterminate. Do not set this bit. 0 X2 CPU and peripheral clock bit Clear to select 12 clock periods per machine cycle (STD mode, FOSC=FXTAL/2). Set to select 6 clock periods per machine cycle (X2 mode, FOSC=FXTAL).8 Rev. C - 15 January, 2001

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TS80C31X2 6.2 Dual Data Pointer Register Ddptr The additional data pointer can be used to speed up code execution and reduce code size in a number of ways. The dual DPTR structure is a way by which the chip will specify the address of an external data memory location. There are two 16-bit DPTR registers that address the external memory, and a single bit called DPS = AUXR1/bit0 (See Table 5.) that allows the program code to switch between them (Refer to Figure 3). Figure 3. Use of Dual Pointer External Data Memory AUXR1(A2H) DPS DPH(83H) DPL(82H) 07 DPTR0 DPTR1Rev. C - 15 January, 2001 9

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TS80C31X2 Table 4. AUXR1: Auxiliary Register 1 Reset Value = XXXX XXX0 Not bit addressable Application Software can take advantage of the additional data pointers to both increase speed and reduce code size, for example, block operations (copy, compare, search ...) are well served by using one data pointer as a ’source’ pointer and the other one as a "destination" pointer. 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 - - - - - - - DPS Bit Number Bit Mnemonic Description 7 - Reserved The value read from this bit is indeterminate. Do not set this bit. 6 - Reserved The value read from this bit is indeterminate. Do not set this bit. 5 - Reserved The value read from this bit is indeterminate. Do not set this bit. 4 - Reserved The value read from this bit is indeterminate. Do not set this bit. 3 - Reserved The value read from this bit is indeterminate. Do not set this bit. 2 - Reserved The value read from this bit is indeterminate. Do not set this bit. 1 - Reserved The value read from this bit is indeterminate. Do not set this bit. 0 DPS Data Pointer Selection Clear to select DPTR0. Set to select DPTR1.10 Rev. C - 15 January, 2001

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TS80C31X2 ASSEMBLY LANGUAGE ; Block move using dual data pointers ; Destroys DPTR0, DPTR1, A and PSW ; note: DPS exits opposite of entry state ; unless an extra INC AUXR1 is added ; 00A2 AUXR1 EQU 0A2H ; 0000 909000MOV DPTR,#SOURCE ; address of SOURCE 0003 05A2 INC AUXR1 ; switch data pointers 0005 90A000 MOV DPTR,#DEST ; address of DEST 0008 LOOP: 0008 05A2 INC AUXR1 ; switch data pointers 000A E0 MOVX A,@DPTR ; get a byte from SOURCE 000B A3 INC DPTR ; increment SOURCE address 000C 05A2 INC AUXR1 ; switch data pointers 000E F0 MOVX @DPTR,A ; write the byte to DEST 000F A3 INC DPTR ; increment DEST address 0010 70F6 JNZ LOOP ; check for 0 terminator 0012 05A2 INC AUXR1 ; (optional) restore DPS INC is a short (2 bytes) and fast (12 clocks) way to manipulate the DPS bit in the AUXR1 SFR. However, note that the INC instruction does not directly force the DPS bit to a particular state, but simply toggles it. In simple routines, such as the block move example, only the fact that DPS is toggled in the proper sequence matters, not its actual value. In other words, the block move routine works the same whether DPS is '0' or '1' on entry. Observe that without the last instruction (INC AUXR1), the routine will exit with DPS in the opposite state.Rev. C - 15 January, 2001 11

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TS80C31X2 6.3 TS80C31X2 Serial I/O Port The serial I/O port in the TS80C31X2 is compatible with the serial I/O port in the 80C31. It provides both synchronous and asynchronous communication modes. It operates as an Universal Asynchronous Receiver and Transmitter (UART) in three full-duplex modes (Modes 1, 2 and 3). Asynchronous transmission and reception can occur simultaneously and at different baud rates Serial I/O port includes the following enhancements: ● Framing error detection ● Automatic address recognition 6.3.1 Framing Error Detection Framing bit error detection is provided for the three asynchronous modes (modes 1, 2 and 3). To enable the framing bit error detection feature, set SMOD0 bit in PCON register (See Figure 4). Figure 4. Framing Error Block Diagram When this feature is enabled, the receiver checks each incoming data frame for a valid stop bit. An invalid stop bit may result from noise on the serial lines or from simultaneous transmission by two CPUs. If a valid stop bit is not found, the Framing Error bit (FE) in SCON register (See Table 5.) bit is set. RITIRB8TB8RENSM2SM1SM0/FE IDLPDGF0GF1POF-SMOD0SMOD1 To UART framing error control SM0 to UART mode control (SMOD = 0) Set FE bit if stop bit is 0 (framing error) (SMOD0 = 1) SCON (98h) PCON (87h)12 Rev. C - 15 January, 2001

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TS80C31X2 Software may examine FE bit after each reception to check for data errors. Once set, only software or a reset can clear FE bit. Subsequently received frames with valid stop bits cannot clear FE bit. When FE feature is enabled, RI rises on stop bit instead of the last data bit (See Figure 5. and Figure 6.). Figure 5. UART Timings in Mode 1 Figure 6. UART Timings in Modes 2 and 3 6.3.2 Automatic Address Recognition The automatic address recognition feature is enabled when the multiprocessor communication feature is enabled (SM2 bit in SCON register is set). Implemented in hardware, automatic address recognition enhances the multiprocessor communication feature by allowing the serial port to examine the address of each incoming command frame. Only when the serial port recognizes its own address, the receiver sets RI bit in SCON register to generate an interrupt. This ensures that the CPU is not interrupted by command frames addressed to other devices. If desired, you may enable the automatic address recognition feature in mode 1. In this configuration, the stop bit takes the place of the ninth data bit. Bit RI is set only when the received command frame address matches the device’s address and is terminated by a valid stop bit. To support automatic address recognition, a device is identified by a given address and a broadcast address. NOTE: The multiprocessor communication and automatic address recognition features cannot be enabled in mode 0 (i.e. setting SM2 bit in SCON register in mode 0 has no effect). Data byte RI SMOD0=X Stop bit Start bit RXD D7D6D5D4D3D2D1D0 FE SMOD0=1 RI SMOD0=0 Data byte Ninth bit Stop bit Start bit RXD D8D7D6D5D4D3D2D1D0 RI SMOD0=1 FE SMOD0=1Rev. C - 15 January, 2001 13

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TS80C31X2 6.3.3 Given Address Each device has an individual address that is specified in SADDR register; the SADEN register is a mask byte that contains don’t-care bits (defined by zeros) to form the device’s given address. The don’t-care bits provide the flexibility to address one or more slaves at a time. The following example illustrates how a given address is formed. To address a device by its individual address, the SADEN mask byte must be 1111 1111b. For example: SADDR 0101 0110b SADEN 1111 1100b Given 0101 01XXb The following is an example of how to use given addresses to address different slaves: Slave A: SADDR 1111 0001b SADEN 1111 1010b Given 1111 0X0Xb Slave B: SADDR 1111 0011b SADEN 1111 1001b Given 1111 0XX1b Slave C: SADDR 1111 0010b SADEN 1111 1101b Given 1111 00X1b The SADEN byte is selected so that each slave may be addressed separately. For slave A, bit 0 (the LSB) is a don’t-care bit; for slaves B and C, bit 0 is a 1. To communicate with slave A only, the master must send an address where bit 0 is clear (e.g. 1111 0000b). For slave A, bit 1 is a 1; for slaves B and C, bit 1 is a don’t care bit. To communicate with slaves B and C, but not slave A, the master must send an address with bits 0 and 1 both set (e.g. 1111 0011b). To communicate with slaves A, B and C, the master must send an address with bit 0 set, bit 1 clear, and bit 2 clear (e.g. 1111 0001b). 6.3.4 Broadcast Address A broadcast address is formed from the logical OR of the SADDR and SADEN registers with zeros defined as don’t-care bits, e.g.: SADDR 0101 0110b SADEN 1111 1100b Broadcast =SADDR OR SADEN 1111 111Xb The use of don’t-care bits provides flexibility in defining the broadcast address, however in most applications, a broadcast address is FFh. The following is an example of using broadcast addresses: Slave A: SADDR 1111 0001b SADEN 1111 1010b Broadcast 1111 1X11b, Slave B: SADDR 1111 0011b SADEN 1111 1001b Broadcast 1111 1X11B, Slave C: SADDR= 1111 0010b SADEN 1111 1101b Broadcast 1111 1111b For slaves A and B, bit 2 is a don’t care bit; for slave C, bit 2 is set. To communicate with all of the slaves, the master must send an address FFh. To communicate with slaves A and B, but not slave C, the master can send and address FBh.14 Rev. C - 15 January, 2001

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TS80C31X2 6.3.5 Reset Addresses On reset, the SADDR and SADEN registers are initialized to 00h, i.e. the given and broadcast addresses are XXXX XXXXb (all don’t-care bits). This ensures that the serial port will reply to any address, and so, that it is backwards compatible with the 80C51 microcontrollers that do not support automatic address recognition. SADEN - Slave Address Mask Register (B9h) Reset Value = 0000 0000b Not bit addressable SADDR - Slave Address Register (A9h) Reset Value = 0000 0000b Not bit addressable 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0Rev. C - 15 January, 2001 15

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TS80C31X2 Table 5. SCON Register SCON - Serial Control Register (98h) Reset Value = 0000 0000b Bit addressable 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 FE/SM0 SM1 SM2 REN TB8 RB8 TI RI Bit Number Bit Mnemonic Description 7 FE Framing Error bit (SMOD0=1) Clear to reset the error state, not cleared by a valid stop bit. Set by hardware when an invalid stop bit is detected. SMOD0 must be set to enable access to the FE bit SM0 Serial port Mode bit 0 Refer to SM1 for serial port mode selection. SMOD0 must be cleared to enable access to the SM0 bit 6 SM1 Serial port Mode bit 1 SM0 SM1 Mode Description Baud Rate 0 0 0 Shift Register FXTAL/12 (/6 in X2 mode) 0 1 1 8-bit UART Variable 1 0 2 9-bit UART FXTAL/64 or FXTAL/32 (/32, /16 in X2 mode) 1 1 3 9-bit UART Variable 5 SM2 Serial port Mode 2 bit / Multiprocessor Communication Enable bit Clear to disable multiprocessor communication feature. Set to enable multiprocessor communication feature in mode 2 and 3, and eventually mode 1. This bit should be cleared in mode 0. 4 REN Reception Enable bit Clear to disable serial reception. Set to enable serial reception. 3 TB8 Transmitter Bit 8 / Ninth bit to transmit in modes 2 and 3. Clear to transmit a logic 0 in the 9th bit. Set to transmit a logic 1 in the 9th bit. 2 RB8 Receiver Bit 8 / Ninth bit received in modes 2 and 3 Cleared by hardware if 9th bit received is a logic 0. Set by hardware if 9th bit received is a logic 1. In mode 1, if SM2 = 0, RB8 is the received stop bit. In mode 0 RB8 is not used. 1 TI Transmit Interrupt flag Clear to acknowledge interrupt. Set by hardware at the end of the 8th bit time in mode 0 or at the beginning of the stop bit in the other modes. 0 RI Receive Interrupt flag Clear to acknowledge interrupt. Set by hardware at the end of the 8th bit time in mode 0, see Figure 5. and Figure 6. in the other modes.16 Rev. C - 15 January, 2001

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TS80C31X2 Table 6. PCON Register PCON - Power Control Register (87h) Reset Value = 00X1 0000b Not bit addressable Power-off flag reset value will be 1 only after a power on (cold reset). A warm reset doesn’t affect the value of this bit. 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 SMOD1 SMOD0 - POF GF1 GF0 PD IDL Bit Number Bit Mnemonic Description 7 SMOD1 Serial port Mode bit 1 Set to select double baud rate in mode 1, 2 or 3. 6 SMOD0 Serial port Mode bit 0 Clear to select SM0 bit in SCON register. Set to to select FE bit in SCON register. 5 - Reserved The value read from this bit is indeterminate. Do not set this bit. 4 POF Power-Off Flag Clear to recognize next reset type. Set by hardware when VCC rises from 0 to its nominal voltage. Can also be set by software. 3 GF1 General purpose Flag Cleared by user for general purpose usage. Set by user for general purpose usage. 2 GF0 General purpose Flag Cleared by user for general purpose usage. Set by user for general purpose usage. 1 PD Power-Down mode bit Cleared by hardware when reset occurs. Set to enter power-down mode. 0 IDL Idle mode bit Clear by hardware when interrupt or reset occurs. Set to enter idle mode.Rev. C - 15 January, 2001 17

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TS80C31X2 6.4 Interrupt System The TS80C31X2 has a total of 5 interrupt vectors: two external interrupts (INT0 and INT1), two timer interrupts (timers 0 and 1) and the serial port interrupt. These interrupts are shown in Figure 7. Figure 7. Interrupt Control System Each of the interrupt sources can be individually enabled or disabled by setting or clearing a bit in the Interrupt Enable register (See Table 8.). This register also contains a global disable bit, which must be cleared to disable all interrupts at once. Each interrupt source can also be individually programmed to one out of four priority levels by setting or clearing a bit in the Interrupt Priority register (See Table 9.) and in the Interrupt Priority High register (See Table 10.). shows the bit values and priority levels associated with each combination. IE1 0 3 High priority interrupt Interrupt polling sequence, decreasing from high to low priority Low priority interruptGlobal DisableIndividual Enable TI RI TF0 INT0 INT1 TF1 IPH, IP IE0 0 3 0 3 0 3 0 3 18 Rev. C - 15 January, 2001

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TS80C31X2 Table 7. Priority Level Bit Values A low-priority interrupt can be interrupted by a high priority interrupt, but not by another low-priority interrupt. A high-priority interrupt can’t be interrupted by any other interrupt source. If two interrupt requests of different priority levels are received simultaneously, the request of higher priority level is serviced. If interrupt requests of the same priority level are received simultaneously, an internal polling sequence determines which request is serviced. Thus within each priority level there is a second priority structure determined by the polling sequence. Table 8. IE Register IE - Interrupt Enable Register (A8h) Reset Value = 0XX0 0000b Bit addressable Table 9. IP Register IPH.x IP.x Interrupt Level Priority 0 0 0 (Lowest) 0 1 1 1 0 2 1 1 3 (Highest) 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 EA - - ES ET1 EX1 ET0 EX0 Bit Number Bit Mnemonic Description 7 EA Enable All interrupt bit Clear to disable all interrupts. Set to enable all interrupts. If EA=1, each interrupt source is individually enabled or disabled by setting or clearing its own interrupt enable bit. 6 - Reserved The value read from this bit is indeterminate. Do not set this bit. 5 - Reserved The value read from this bit is indeterminate. Do not set this bit. 4 ES Serial port Enable bit Clear to disable serial port interrupt. Set to enable serial port interrupt. 3 ET1 Timer 1 overflow interrupt Enable bit Clear to disable timer 1 overflow interrupt. Set to enable timer 1 overflow interrupt. 2 EX1 External interrupt 1 Enable bit Clear to disable external interrupt 1. Set to enable external interrupt 1. 1 ET0 Timer 0 overflow interrupt Enable bit Clear to disable timer 0 overflow interrupt. Set to enable timer 0 overflow interrupt. 0 EX0 External interrupt 0 Enable bit Clear to disable external interrupt 0. Set to enable external interrupt 0.Rev. C - 15 January, 2001 19

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TS80C31X2 IP - Interrupt Priority Register (B8h) Reset Value = XXX0 0000b Bit addressable 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 - - - PS PT1 PX1 PT0 PX0 Bit Number Bit Mnemonic Description 7 - Reserved The value read from this bit is indeterminate. Do not set this bit. 6 - Reserved The value read from this bit is indeterminate. Do not set this bit. 5 - Reserved The value read from this bit is indeterminate. Do not set this bit. 4 PS Serial port Priority bit Refer to PSH for priority level. 3 PT1 Timer 1 overflow interrupt Priority bit Refer to PT1H for priority level. 2 PX1 External interrupt 1 Priority bit Refer to PX1H for priority level. 1 PT0 Timer 0 overflow interrupt Priority bit Refer to PT0H for priority level. 0 PX0 External interrupt 0 Priority bit Refer to PX0H for priority level.20 Rev. C - 15 January, 2001

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TS80C31X2 Table 10. IPH Register IPH - Interrupt Priority High Register (B7h) Reset Value = XXX0 0000b Not bit addressable 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 - - - PSH PT1H PX1H PT0H PX0H Bit Number Bit Mnemonic Description 7 - Reserved The value read from this bit is indeterminate. Do not set this bit. 6 - Reserved The value read from this bit is indeterminate. Do not set this bit. 5 - Reserved The value read from this bit is indeterminate. Do not set this bit. 4 PSH Serial port Priority High bit PSH PS Priority Level 0 0 Lowest 0 1 1 0 1 1 Highest 3 PT1H Timer 1 overflow interrupt Priority High bit PT1H PT1 Priority Level 0 0 Lowest 0 1 1 0 1 1 Highest 2 PX1H External interrupt 1 Priority High bit PX1H PX1 Priority Level 0 0 Lowest 0 1 1 0 1 1 Highest 1 PT0H Timer 0 overflow interrupt Priority High bit PT0H PT0 Priority Level 0 0 Lowest 0 1 1 0 1 1 Highest 0 PX0H External interrupt 0 Priority High bit PX0H PX0 Priority Level 0 0 Lowest 0 1 1 0 1 1 HighestRev. C - 15 January, 2001 21

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TS80C31X2 6.5 Idle mode An instruction that sets PCON.0 causes that to be the last instruction executed before going into the Idle mode. In the Idle mode, the internal clock signal is gated off to the CPU, but not to the interrupt, Timer, and Serial Port functions. The CPU status is preserved in its entirely : the Stack Pointer, Program Counter, Program Status Word, Accumulator and all other registers maintain their data during Idle. The port pins hold the logical states they had at the time Idle was activated. ALE and PSEN hold at logic high levels. There are two ways to terminate the Idle. Activation of any enabled interrupt will cause PCON.0 to be cleared by hardware, terminating the Idle mode. The interrupt will be serviced, and following RETI the next instruction to be executed will be the one following the instruction that put the device into idle. The flag bits GF0 and GF1 can be used to give and indication if an interrupt occured during normal operation or during an Idle. For example, an instruction that activates Idle can also set one or both flag bits. When Idle is terminated by an interrupt, the interrupt service routine can examine the flag bits. The over way of terminating the Idle mode is with a hardware reset. Since the clock oscillator is still running, the hardware reset needs to be held active for only two machine cycles (24 oscillator periods) to complete the reset. 6.6 Power-Down Mode To save maximum power, a power-down mode can be invoked by software (Refer to Table 6., PCON register). In power-down mode, the oscillator is stopped and the instruction that invoked power-down mode is the last instruction executed. The internal RAM and SFRs retain their value until the power-down mode is terminated. VCC can be lowered to save further power. Either a hardware reset or an external interrupt can cause an exit from power-down. To properly terminate power-down, the reset or external interrupt should not be executed before VCC is restored to its normal operating level and must be held active long enough for the oscillator to restart and stabilize. Only external interrupts INT0 and INT1 are useful to exit from power-down. For that, interrupt must be enabled and configured as level or edge sensitive interrupt input. Holding the pin low restarts the oscillator but bringing the pin high completes the exit as detailed in Figure 8. When both interrupts are enabled, the oscillator restarts as soon as one of the two inputs is held low and power down exit will be completed when the first input will be released. In this case the higher priority interrupt service routine is executed. Once the interrupt is serviced, the next instruction to be executed after RETI will be the one following the instruction that put TS80C31X2 into power-down mode. Figure 8. Power-Down Exit Waveform Exit from power-down by reset redefines all the SFRs, exit from power-down by external interrupt does no affect the SFRs. Exit from power-down by either reset or external interrupt does not affect the internal RAM content. NOTE: If idle mode is activated with power-down mode (IDL and PD bits set), the exit sequence is unchanged, when execution is vectored to interrupt, PD and IDL bits are cleared and idle mode is not entered. INT1 INT0 XTAL1 Power-down phase Oscillator restart phase Active phaseActive phase22 Rev. C - 15 January, 2001

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TS80C31X2 Table 11. The state of ports during idle and power-down modes Mode Program Memory ALE PSEN PORT0 PORT1 PORT2 PORT3 Idle External 1 1 Floating Port Data Address Port Data Power Down External 0 0 Floating Port Data Port Data Port DataRev. C - 15 January, 2001 23

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24 Rev. C - 15 January, 2001 TS80C31X2 6.7 ONCETM Mode (ON Chip Emulation) The ONCE mode facilitates testing and debugging of systems using TS80C31X2 without removing the circuit from the board. The ONCE mode is invoked by driving certain pins of the TS80C31X2; the following sequence must be exercised: ● Pull ALE low while the device is in reset (RST high) and PSEN is high. ● Hold ALE low as RST is deactivated. While the TS80C31X2 is in ONCE mode, an emulator or test CPU can be used to drive the circuit Table 26. shows the status of the port pins during ONCE mode. Normal operation is restored when normal reset is applied. Table 12. External Pin Status during ONCE Mode ALE PSEN Port 0 Port 1 Port 2 Port 3 XTAL1/2 Weak pull-up Weak pull-up Float Weak pull-up Weak pull-up Weak pull-up Active

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Rev. C - 15 January, 2001 25 TS80C31X2 6.8 Power-Off Flag The power-off flag allows the user to distinguish between a “cold start” reset and a “warm start” reset. A cold start reset is the one induced by VCC switch-on. A warm start reset occurs while VCC is still applied to the device and could be generated for example by an exit from power-down. The power-off flag (POF) is located in PCON register (See Table 13.). POF is set by hardware when VCC rises from 0 to its nominal voltage. The POF can be set or cleared by software allowing the user to determine the type of reset. The POF value is only relevant with a Vcc range from 4.5V to 5.5V. For lower Vcc value, reading POF bit will return indeterminate value. Table 13. PCON Register PCON - Power Control Register (87h) Reset Value = 00X1 0000b Not bit addressable 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 SMOD1 SMOD0 - POF GF1 GF0 PD IDL Bit Number Bit Mnemonic Description 7 SMOD1 Serial port Mode bit 1 Set to select double baud rate in mode 1, 2 or 3. 6 SMOD0 Serial port Mode bit 0 Clear to select SM0 bit in SCON register. Set to to select FE bit in SCON register. 5 - Reserved The value read from this bit is indeterminate. Do not set this bit. 4 POF Power-Off Flag Clear to recognize next reset type. Set by hardware when VCC rises from 0 to its nominal voltage. Can also be set by software. 3 GF1 General purpose Flag Cleared by user for general purpose usage. Set by user for general purpose usage. 2 GF0 General purpose Flag Cleared by user for general purpose usage. Set by user for general purpose usage. 1 PD Power-Down mode bit Cleared by hardware when reset occurs. Set to enter power-down mode. 0 IDL Idle mode bit Clear by hardware when interrupt or reset occurs. Set to enter idle mode.

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TS80C31X27. Electrical Characteristics 7.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings (1) Ambiant Temperature Under Bias: C = commercial 0°C to 70°C I = industrial -40°C to 85°C Storage Temperature -65°C to + 150°C Voltage on VCC to VSS -0.5 V to + 7 V Voltage on VPP to VSS -0.5 V to + 13 V Voltage on Any Pin to VSS -0.5 V to VCC + 0.5 V Power Dissipation 1 W(2) NOTES 1. Stresses at or above those listed under “ Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. This is a stress rating only and functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions above those indicated in the operational sections of this specification is not implied. Exposure to absolute maximum rating conditions may affect device reliability. 2. This value is based on the maximum allowable die temperature and the thermal resistance of the package. 7.2 Power consumption measurement Since the introduction of the first C51 devices, every manufacturer made operating Icc measurements under reset, which made sense for the designs were the CPU was running under reset. In Atmel Wireless & Microcontrollers new devices, the CPU is no more active during reset, so the power consumption is very low but is not really representative of what will happen in the customer system. That’s why, while keeping measurements under Reset, Atmel Wireless & Microcontrollers presents a new way to measure the operating Icc: Using an internal test ROM, the following code is executed: Label: SJMP Label (80 FE) Ports 1, 2, 3 are disconnected, Port 0 is tied to FFh, EA = Vcc, RST = Vss, XTAL2 is not connected and XTAL1 is driven by the clock. This is much more representative of the real operating Icc.26 Rev. C - 15 January, 2001

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TS80C31X2 7.3 DC Parameters for Standard Voltage TA = 0°C to +70°C; VSS = 0 V; VCC = 5 V ± 10%; F = 0 to 40 MHz. TA = -40°C to +85°C; VSS = 0 V; VCC = 5 V ± 10%; F = 0 to 40 MHz. Table 14. DC Parameters in Standard Voltage Symbol Parameter Min Typ Max Unit Test Conditions VIL Input Low Voltage -0.5 0.2 VCC - 0.1 V VIH Input High Voltage except XTAL1, RST 0.2 VCC + 0.9 VCC + 0.5 V VIH1 Input High Voltage, XTAL1, RST 0.7 VCC VCC + 0.5 V VOL Output Low Voltage, ports 1, 2, 3 (6) 0.3 0.45 1.0 V V V IOL = 100 µA(4) IOL = 1.6 mA (4) IOL = 3.5 mA (4) VOL1 Output Low Voltage, port 0 (6) 0.3 0.45 1.0 V V V IOL = 200 µA(4) IOL = 3.2 mA (4) IOL = 7.0 mA (4) VOL2 Output Low Voltage, ALE, PSEN 0.3 0.45 1.0 V V V IOL = 100 µA(4) IOL = 1.6 mA (4) IOL = 3.5 mA (4) VOH Output High Voltage, ports 1, 2, 3 VCC - 0.3 VCC - 0.7 VCC - 1.5 V V V IOH = -10 µA IOH = -30 µA IOH = -60 µA VCC = 5 V ± 10% VOH1 Output High Voltage, port 0 VCC - 0.3 VCC - 0.7 VCC - 1.5 V V V IOH = -200 µA IOH = -3.2 mA IOH = -7.0 mA VCC = 5 V ± 10% VOH2 Output High Voltage,ALE, PSEN VCC - 0.3 VCC - 0.7 VCC - 1.5 V V V IOH = -100 µA IOH = -1.6 mA IOH = -3.5 mA VCC = 5 V ± 10% RRST RST Pulldown Resistor 50 90 (5) 200 kΩ IIL Logical 0 Input Current ports 1, 2 and 3 -50 µA Vin = 0.45 V ILI Input Leakage Current ±10 µA 0.45 V < Vin < VCC ITL Logical 1 to 0 Transition Current, ports 1, 2, 3 -650 µA Vin = 2.0 V CIO Capacitance of I/O Buffer 10 pF Fc = 1 MHz TA = 25°C IPD Power Down Current 20 (5) 50 µA 2.0 V < VCC < 5.5 V(3) ICC under RESET Power Supply Current Maximum values, X1 mode: (7) 1 + 0.4 Freq (MHz) @12MHz 5.8 @16MHz 7.4 mA VCC = 5.5 V (1)Rev. C - 15 January, 2001 27

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TS80C31X27.4 DC Parameters for Low Voltage TA = 0°C to +70°C; VSS = 0 V; VCC = 2.7 V to 5.5 V ± 10%; F = 0 to 30 MHz. TA = -40°C to +85°C; VSS = 0 V; VCC = 2.7 V to 5.5 V ± 10%; F = 0 to 30 MHz. Table 15. DC Parameters for Low Voltage ICC operating Power Supply Current Maximum values, X1 mode: (7) 3 + 0.6 Freq (MHz) @12MHz 10.2 @16MHz 12.6 mA VCC = 5.5 V (8) ICC idle Power Supply Current Maximum values, X1 mode: (7) 0.25+0.3Freq (MHz) @12MHz 3.9 @16MHz 5.1 mA VCC = 5.5 V (2) Symbol Parameter Min Typ Max Unit Test Conditions VIL Input Low Voltage -0.5 0.2 VCC - 0.1 V VIH Input High Voltage except XTAL1, RST 0.2 VCC + 0.9 VCC + 0.5 V VIH1 Input High Voltage, XTAL1, RST 0.7 VCC VCC + 0.5 V VOL Output Low Voltage, ports 1, 2, 3 (6) 0.45 V IOL = 0.8 mA (4) VOL1 Output Low Voltage, port 0, ALE, PSEN (6) 0.45 V IOL = 1.6 mA (4) VOH Output High Voltage, ports 1, 2, 3 0.9 VCC V IOH = -10 µA VOH1 Output High Voltage, port 0, ALE, PSEN 0.9 VCC V IOH = -40 µA IIL Logical 0 Input Current ports 1, 2 and 3 -50 µA Vin = 0.45 V ILI Input Leakage Current ±10 µA 0.45 V < Vin < VCC ITL Logical 1 to 0 Transition Current, ports 1, 2, 3 -650 µA Vin = 2.0 V RRST RST Pulldown Resistor 50 90 (5) 200 kΩ CIO Capacitance of I/O Buffer 10 pF Fc = 1 MHz TA = 25°C IPD Power Down Current 20 (5) 10 (5) 50 30 µA VCC = 2.0 V to 5.5 V(3) VCC = 2.0 V to 3.3 V (3) ICC under RESET Power Supply Current Maximum values, X1 mode: (7) 1 + 0.2 Freq (MHz) @12MHz 3.4 @16MHz 4.2 mA VCC = 3.3 V (1) ICC operating Power Supply Current Maximum values, X1 mode: (7) 1 + 0.3 Freq (MHz) @12MHz 4.6 @16MHz 5.8 mA VCC = 3.3 V (8) Symbol Parameter Min Typ Max Unit Test Conditions28 Rev. C - 15 January, 2001

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TS80C31X2NOTES 1. ICC under reset is measured with all output pins disconnected; XTAL1 driven with TCLCH, TCHCL = 5 ns (see Figure 13.), VIL = VSS + 0.5 V, VIH = VCC - 0.5V; XTAL2 N.C.; EA = RST = Port 0 = VCC. ICC would be slightly higher if a crystal oscillator used.. 2. Idle ICC is measured with all output pins disconnected; XTAL1 driven with TCLCH, TCHCL = 5 ns, VIL = VSS + 0.5 V, VIH = VCC - 0.5 V; XTAL2 N.C; Port 0 = VCC; EA = RST = VSS (see Figure 11.). 3. Power Down ICC is measured with all output pins disconnected; EA = VSS, PORT 0 = VCC; XTAL2 NC.; RST = VSS (see Figure 12.). 4. Capacitance loading on Ports 0 and 2 may cause spurious noise pulses to be superimposed on the VOLs of ALE and Ports 1 and 3. The noise is due to external bus capacitance discharging into the Port 0 and Port 2 pins when these pins make 1 to 0 transitions during bus operation. In the worst cases (capacitive loading 100pF), the noise pulse on the ALE line may exceed 0.45V with maxi VOL peak 0.6V. A Schmitt Trigger use is not necessary. 5. Typicals are based on a limited number of samples and are not guaranteed. The values listed are at room temperature and 5V. 6. Under steady state (non-transient) conditions, IOL must be externally limited as follows: Maximum IOL per port pin: 10 mA Maximum IOL per 8-bit port: Port 0: 26 mA Ports 1, 2 and 3: 15 mA Maximum total IOL for all output pins: 71 mA If IOL exceeds the test condition, VOL may exceed the related specification. Pins are not guaranteed to sink current greater than the listed test conditions. 7. For other values, please contact your sales office. 8. Operating ICC is measured with all output pins disconnected; XTAL1 driven with TCLCH, TCHCL = 5 ns (see Figure 13.), VIL = VSS + 0.5 V, VIH = VCC - 0.5V; XTAL2 N.C.; EA = Port 0 = VCC; RST = VSS. The internal ROM runs the code 80 FE (label: SJMP label). ICC would be slightly higher if a crystal oscillator is used. Measurements are made with OTP products when possible, which is the worst case. Figure 9. ICC Test Condition, under reset ICC idle Power Supply Current Maximum values, X1 mode: (7) 0.15 Freq (MHz) + 0.2 @12MHz 2 @16MHz 2.6 mA VCC = 3.3 V (2) Symbol Parameter Min Typ Max Unit Test Conditions EA VCC VCC ICC (NC) CLOCK SIGNAL VCC All other pins are disconnected. RST XTAL2 XTAL1 VSS VCC P0Rev. C - 15 January, 2001 29

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TS80C31X2Figure 10. Operating ICC Test Condition Figure 11. ICC Test Condition, Idle Mode Figure 12. ICC Test Condition, Power-Down Mode Figure 13. Clock Signal Waveform for ICC Tests in Active and Idle Modes EA VCC VCC ICC (NC) CLOCK SIGNAL All other pins are disconnected. RST XTAL2 XTAL1 VSS VCC P0Reset = Vss after a high pulse during at least 24 clock cycles RST EA XTAL2 XTAL1 VSS VCC VCC ICC (NC) P0 VCC All other pins are disconnected. CLOCK SIGNAL Reset = Vss after a high pulse during at least 24 clock cycles RST EA XTAL2 XTAL1 VSS VCC VCC ICC (NC) P0 VCC All other pins are disconnected. Reset = Vss after a high pulse during at least 24 clock cycles VCC-0.5V 0.45V 0.7VCC 0.2VCC-0.1 TCLCHTCHCL TCLCH = TCHCL = 5ns.30 Rev. C - 15 January, 2001

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TS80C31X2 7.5 AC Parameters 7.5.1 Explanation of the AC Symbols Each timing symbol has 5 characters. The first character is always a “T” (stands for time). The other characters, depending on their positions, stand for the name of a signal or the logical status of that signal. The following is a list of all the characters and what they stand for. Example:TAVLL = Time for Address Valid to ALE Low. TLLPL = Time for ALE Low to PSEN Low. TA = 0 to +70°C (commercial temperature range); VSS = 0 V; VCC = 5 V ± 10%; -M and -V ranges. TA = -40°C to +85°C (industrial temperature range); VSS = 0 V; VCC = 5 V ± 10%; -M and -V ranges. TA = 0 to +70°C (commercial temperature range); VSS = 0 V; 2.7 V < VCC < 5.5 V; -L range. TA = -40°C to +85°C (industrial temperature range); VSS = 0 V; 2.7 V < VCC < 5.5 V; -L range. Table 16. gives the maximum applicable load capacitance for Port 0, Port 1, 2 and 3, and ALE and PSEN signals. Timings will be guaranteed if these capacitances are respected. Higher capacitance values can be used, but timings will then be degraded. Table 16. Load Capacitance versus speed range, in pF Table 18., Table 21. and Table 24. give the description of each AC symbols. Table 19., Table 22. and Table 25. give for each range the AC parameter. Table 20., Table 23. and Table 26. give the frequency derating formula of the AC parameter. To calculate each AC symbols, take the x value corresponding to the speed grade you need (-M, -V or -L) and replace this value in the formula. Values of the frequency must be limited to the corresponding speed grade: Table 17. Max frequency for derating formula regarding the speed grade Example: TLLIV in X2 mode for a -V part at 20 MHz (T = 1/20 E6 = 50 ns): x= 25 (Table 20.) T= 50ns TLLIV= 2T - x = 2 x 50 - 25 = 75ns -M -V -L Port 0 100 50 100 Port 1, 2, 3 80 50 80 ALE / PSEN 100 30 100 -M X1 mode -M X2 mode -V X1 mode -V X2 mode -L X1 mode -L X2 mode Freq (MHz) 40 20 40 30 30 20 T (ns) 25 50 25 33.3 33.3 50Rev. C - 15 January, 2001 31

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TS80C31X2 7.5.2 External Program Memory Characteristics Table 19. AC Parameters for Fix Clock Table 18. Symbol Description Symbol Parameter T Oscillator clock period TLHLL ALE pulse width TAVLL Address Valid to ALE TLLAX Address Hold After ALE TLLIV ALE to Valid Instruction In TLLPL ALE to PSEN TPLPH PSEN Pulse Width TPLIV PSEN to Valid Instruction In TPXIX Input Instruction Hold After PSEN TPXIZ Input Instruction FloatAfter PSEN TPXAV PSEN to Address Valid TAVIV Address to Valid Instruction In TPLAZ PSEN Low to Address Float Speed -M 40 MHz -V X2 mode 30 MHz 60 MHz equiv. -V standard mode 40 MHz -L X2 mode 20 MHz 40 MHz equiv. -L standard mode 30 MHz Units Symbol Min Max Min Max Min Max Min Max Min Max T 25 33 25 50 33 ns TLHLL 40 25 42 35 52 ns TAVLL 10 4 12 5 13 ns TLLAX 10 4 12 5 13 ns TLLIV 70 45 78 65 98 ns TLLPL 15 9 17 10 18 ns TPLPH 55 35 60 50 75 ns TPLIV 35 25 50 30 55 ns TPXIX 0 0 0 0 0 ns TPXIZ 18 12 20 10 18 ns TAVIV 85 53 95 80 122 ns TPLAZ 10 10 10 10 10 ns32 Rev. C - 15 January, 2001

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TS80C31X2 Table 20. AC Parameters for a Variable Clock: derating formula 7.5.3 External Program Memory Read Cycle Figure 14. External Program Memory Read Cycle Symbol Type Standard Clock X2 Clock -M -V -L Units TLHLL Min 2 T - x T - x 10 8 15 ns TAVLL Min T - x 0.5 T - x 15 13 20 ns TLLAX Min T - x 0.5 T - x 15 13 20 ns TLLIV Max 4 T - x 2 T - x 30 22 35 ns TLLPL Min T - x 0.5 T - x 10 8 15 ns TPLPH Min 3 T - x 1.5 T - x 20 15 25 ns TPLIV Max 3 T - x 1.5 T - x 40 25 45 ns TPXIX Min x x 0 0 0 ns TPXIZ Max T - x 0.5 T - x 7 5 15 ns TAVIV Max 5 T - x 2.5 T - x 40 30 45 ns TPLAZ Max x x 10 10 10 ns TPLIV TPLAZ ALE PSEN PORT 0 PORT 2 A0-A7A0-A7 INSTR ININSTR IN INSTR IN ADDRESS OR SFR-P2 ADDRESS A8-A15ADDRESS A8-A15 12 TCLCL TAVIV TLHLL TAVLL TLLIV TLLPL TPLPH TPXAV TPXIX TPXIZ TLLAXRev. C - 15 January, 2001 33

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TS80C31X2 7.5.4 External Data Memory Characteristics Table 21. Symbol Description Symbol Parameter TRLRH RD Pulse Width TWLWH WR Pulse Width TRLDV RD to Valid Data In TRHDX Data Hold After RD TRHDZ Data Float After RD TLLDV ALE to Valid Data In TAVDV Address to Valid Data In TLLWL ALE to WR or RD TAVWL Address to WR or RD TQVWX Data Valid to WR Transition TQVWH Data set-up to WR High TWHQX Data Hold After WR TRLAZ RD Low to Address Float TWHLH RD or WR High to ALE high34 Rev. C - 15 January, 2001

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TS80C31X2 Table 22. AC Parameters for a Fix Clock Speed -M 40 MHz -V X2 mode 30 MHz 60 MHz equiv. -V standard mode 40 MHz -L X2 mode 20 MHz 40 MHz equiv. -L standard mode 30 MHz Units Symbol Min Max Min Max Min Max Min Max Min Max TRLRH 130 85 135 125 175 ns TWLWH 130 85 135 125 175 ns TRLDV 100 60 102 95 137 ns TRHDX 0 0 0 0 0 ns TRHDZ 30 18 35 25 42 ns TLLDV 160 98 165 155 222 ns TAVDV 165 100 175 160 235 ns TLLWL 50 100 30 70 55 95 45 105 70 130 ns TAVWL 75 47 80 70 103 ns TQVWX 10 7 15 5 13 ns TQVWH 160 107 165 155 213 ns TWHQX 15 9 17 10 18 ns TRLAZ 0 0 0 0 0 ns TWHLH 10 40 7 27 15 35 5 45 13 53 nsRev. C - 15 January, 2001 35

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TS80C31X2 Table 23. AC Parameters for a Variable Clock: derating formula 7.5.5 External Data Memory Write Cycle Figure 15. External Data Memory Write Cycle Symbol Type Standard Clock X2 Clock -M -V -L Units TRLRH Min 6 T - x 3 T - x 20 15 25 ns TWLWH Min 6 T - x 3 T - x 20 15 25 ns TRLDV Max 5 T - x 2.5 T - x 25 23 30 ns TRHDX Min x x 0 0 0 ns TRHDZ Max 2 T - x T - x 20 15 25 ns TLLDV Max 8 T - x 4T -x 40 35 45 ns TAVDV Max 9 T - x 4.5 T - x 60 50 65 ns TLLWL Min 3 T - x 1.5 T - x 25 20 30 ns TLLWL Max 3 T + x 1.5 T + x 25 20 30 ns TAVWL Min 4 T - x 2 T - x 25 20 30 ns TQVWX Min T - x 0.5 T - x 15 10 20 ns TQVWH Min 7 T - x 3.5 T - x 15 10 20 ns TWHQX Min T - x 0.5 T - x 10 8 15 ns TRLAZ Max x x 0 0 0 ns TWHLH Min T - x 0.5 T - x 15 10 20 ns TWHLH Max T + x 0.5 T + x 15 10 20 ns TQVWHTLLAX ALE PSEN WR PORT 0 PORT 2 A0-A7 DATA OUT ADDRESS OR SFR-P2 TAVWL TLLWL TQVWX ADDRESS A8-A15 OR SFR P2 TWHQX TWHLH TWLWH36 Rev. C - 15 January, 2001

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TS80C31X2 7.5.6 External Data Memory Read Cycle Figure 16. External Data Memory Read Cycle 7.5.7 Serial Port Timing - Shift Register Mode Table 25. AC Parameters for a Fix Clock Table 24. Symbol Description Symbol Parameter TXLXL Serial port clock cycle time TQVHX Output data set-up to clock rising edge TXHQX Output data hold after clock rising edge TXHDX Input data hold after clock rising edge TXHDV Clock rising edge to input data valid Speed -M 40 MHz -V X2 mode 30 MHz 60 MHz equiv. -V standard mode 40 MHz -L X2 mode 20 MHz 40 MHz equiv. -L standard mode 30 MHz Units Symbol Min Max Min Max Min Max Min Max Min Max TXLXL 300 200 300 300 400 ns TQVHX 200 117 200 200 283 ns TXHQX 30 13 30 30 47 ns TXHDX 0 0 0 0 0 ns TXHDV 117 34 117 117 200 ns ALE PSEN RD PORT 0 PORT 2 A0-A7 DATA IN ADDRESS OR SFR-P2 TAVWL TLLWL TRLAZ ADDRESS A8-A15 OR SFR P2 TRHDZ TWHLH TRLRH TLLDV TRHDX TAVDV TLLAX TRLDVRev. C - 15 January, 2001 37

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TS80C31X2 Table 26. AC Parameters for a Variable Clock: derating formula 7.5.8 Shift Register Timing Waveforms Figure 17. Shift Register Timing Waveforms Symbol Type Standard Clock X2 Clock -M -V -L Units TXLXL Min 12 T 6 T ns TQVHX Min 10 T - x 5 T - x 50 50 50 ns TXHQX Min 2 T - x T - x 20 20 20 ns TXHDX Min x x 0 0 0 ns TXHDV Max 10 T - x 5 T- x 133 133 133 ns VALIDVALIDINPUT DATA VALIDVALID 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 87 ALE CLOCK OUTPUT DATA WRITE to SBUF CLEAR RI TXLXL TQVXH TXHQX TXHDV TXHDX SET TI SET RI INSTRUCTION 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 VALID VALID VALID VALID38 Rev. C - 15 January, 2001

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TS80C31X2 7.5.9 External Clock Drive Characteristics (XTAL1) 7.5.10 External Clock Drive Waveforms Figure 18. External Clock Drive Waveforms 7.5.11 AC Testing Input/Output Waveforms Figure 19. AC Testing Input/Output Waveforms AC inputs during testing are driven at VCC - 0.5 for a logic “1” and 0.45V for a logic “0”. Timing measurement are made at VIH min for a logic “1” and VIL max for a logic “0”. 7.5.12 Float Waveforms Figure 20. Float Waveforms Table 27. AC Parameters Symbol Parameter Min Max Units TCLCL Oscillator Period 25 ns TCHCX High Time 5 ns TCLCX Low Time 5 ns TCLCH Rise Time 5 ns TCHCL Fall Time 5 ns TCHCX/TCLCX Cyclic ratio in X2 mode 40 60 % VCC-0.5 V 0.45 V 0.7VCC 0.2VCC-0.1 V TCHCL TCLCX TCLCL TCLCH TCHCX 0.45 V VCC-0.5 V 0.2VCC+0.9 0.2VCC-0.1 INPUT/OUTPUT VOL+0.1 V VOH-0.1 V FLOAT VLOAD VLOAD+0.1 V VLOAD-0.1 VRev. C - 15 January, 2001 39

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TS80C31X2 For timing purposes a port pin is no longer floating when a 100 mV change from load voltage occurs and begins to float when a 100 mV change from the loaded VOH/VOL level occurs. IOL/IOH ≥ ± 20mA. 7.5.13 Clock Waveforms Valid in normal clock mode. In X2 mode XTAL2 signal must be changed to XTAL2 divided by two. Figure 21. Clock Waveforms This diagram indicates when signals are clocked internally. The time it takes the signals to propagate to the pins, however, ranges from 25 to 125 ns. This propagation delay is dependent on variables such as temperature and pin loading. Propagation also varies from output to output and component. Typically though (TA=25°C fully loaded) RD and WR propagation delays are approximately 50ns. The other signals are typically 85 ns. Propagation delays are incorporated in the AC specifications. CLOCK XTAL2 ALE INTERNAL STATE4 STATE5 STATE6 STATE1 STATE2 STATE3 STATE4 STATE5 EXTERNAL PROGRAM MEMORY FETCH READ CYCLE WRITE CYCLE SERIAL PORT SHIFT CLOCK PORT OPERATION PSEN P0 P2 (EXT) RD P0 P2 P0 P2 WR TXD (MODE 0) RXD SAMPLED RXD SAMPLED P0 PINS SAMPLED P1, P2, P3 PINS SAMPLEDP1, P2, P3 PINS SAMPLED P0 PINS SAMPLED MOV DEST PORT (P1, P2, P3) (INCLUDES INT0, INT1, TO, T1) MOV DEST P0 OLD DATA NEW DATA DPL OR Rt OUT DATA OUT PCL OUT (EVEN IF PROGRAM MEMORY IS INTERNAL) PCL OUT (IF PROGRAM MEMORY IS EXTERNAL) INDICATES DPH OR P2 SFR TO PCH TRANSITION DPL OR Rt OUT FLOAT PCL OUT (IF PROGRAM MEMORY IS EXTERNAL) INDICATES DPH OR P2 SFR TO PCH TRANSITION INDICATES ADDRESS TRANSITIONS FLOAT FLOAT FLOAT PCL OUT PCL OUT PCL OUTDATA SAMPLED DATA SAMPLED DATA SAMPLED THESE SIGNALS ARE NOT ACTIVATED DURING THE EXECUTION OF A MOVX INSTRUCTION P1 P2 P1 P2 P1 P2 P1 P2 P1 P2 P1 P2 P1 P2 P1 P240 Rev. C - 15 January, 2001

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TS80C31X28. Ordering Information Table 28. Maximum Clock Frequency Code -M -V -L Unit Standard Mode, oscillator frequency Standard Mode, internal frequency 40 40 40 40 30 30 MHz X2 Mode, oscillator frequency X2 Mode, internal equivalent frequency 20 40 30 60 20 40 MHz 80C31X2 Packages: A: PDIL 40 B: PLCC 44 C: PQFP F1 (13.9 mm footprint) E: VQFP 44 (1.4mm) TS C Temperature Range C: Commercial 0 to 70oC I: Industrial -40 to 85oC -M Conditioning R: Tape & Reel D: Dry Pack B: Tape & Reel and Dry Pack RB -M: VCC: 5V +/- 10% 40 MHz, standard mode 20 MHz, X2 mode -V: VCC: 5V +/- 10% 40 MHz, standard mode 30 MHz, X2 mode -L: VCC: 2.7 to 5.5 V 30 MHz, standard mode 20 MHz, X2 mode -E: SamplesRev. C - 15 January, 2001 41

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