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L298N

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L298N

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Part Number L298N
Manufacturer STMicroelectronics
Description IC BRIDGE DRIVER PAR 15MULTIWATT
Datasheet L298N Datasheet
Package Multiwatt-15 (Vertical, Bent and Staggered Leads)
In Stock 47,594 piece(s)
Unit Price $ 4.4200 *
Lead Time Can Ship Immediately
Estimated Delivery Time Jul 18 - Jul 23 (Choose Expedited Shipping)
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Part Number # L298N (PMIC - Full, Half-Bridge Drivers) is manufactured by STMicroelectronics and distributed by Heisener. Being one of the leading electronics distributors, we carry many kinds of electronic components from some of the world’s top class manufacturers. Their quality is guaranteed by its stringent quality control to meet all required standards.

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L298N Specifications

ManufacturerSTMicroelectronics
CategoryIntegrated Circuits (ICs) - PMIC - Full, Half-Bridge Drivers
Datasheet L298NDatasheet
PackageMultiwatt-15 (Vertical, Bent and Staggered Leads)
Series-
Output ConfigurationHalf Bridge (4)
ApplicationsDC Motors, Relays, Solenoids, Stepper Motors
InterfaceLogic
Load TypeInductive
TechnologyBipolar
Rds On (Typ)-
Current - Output / Channel-
Current - Peak Output2A
Voltage - Supply4.5 V ~ 7 V
Voltage - Load4.8 V ~ 46 V
Operating Temperature-40°C ~ 150°C (TJ)
Features-
Fault ProtectionCurrent Limiting, Over Temperature
Mounting TypeThrough Hole
Package / CaseMultiwatt-15 (Vertical, Bent and Staggered Leads)
Supplier Device Package15-Multiwatt

L298N Datasheet

Page 1

Page 2

L298 Jenuary 2000 DUAL FULL-BRIDGE DRIVER Multiwatt15 ORDERING NUMBERS : L298N (Multiwatt Vert.) L298HN (Multiwatt Horiz.) L298P (PowerSO20) BLOCK DIAGRAM .OPERATING SUPPLY VOLTAGE UP TO 46 V.TOTAL DC CURRENT UP TO 4 A . LOW SATURATION VOLTAGE.OVERTEMPERATURE PROTECTION.LOGICAL "0" INPUT VOLTAGE UP TO 1.5 V (HIGH NOISE IMMUNITY) DESCRIPTION The L298 is an integrated monolithic circuit in a 15- lead Multiwatt and PowerSO20 packages. It is a high voltage, high current dual full-bridge driver de- signed to accept standard TTL logic levels and drive inductive loads such as relays, solenoids, DC and stepping motors. Two enable inputs are provided to enable or disable the device independently of the in- put signals. The emitters of the lower transistors of each bridge are connected together and the corre- sponding external terminal can be used for the con- nection of an external sensing resistor. An additional supply input is provided so that the logic works at a lower voltage. PowerSO20 ® 1/13

Page 3

PIN CONNECTIONS (top view) GND Input 2 VSS N.C. Out 1 VS Out 2 Input 1 Enable A Sense A GND 10 8 9 7 6 5 4 3 2 13 14 15 16 17 19 18 20 12 1 11 GND D95IN239 Input 3 Enable B Out 3 Input 4 Out 4 N.C. Sense B GND ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS Symbol Parameter Value Unit VS Power Supply 50 V VSS Logic Supply Voltage 7 V VI,Ven Input and Enable Voltage –0.3 to 7 V IO Peak Output Current (each Channel) – Non Repetitive (t = 100µs) –Repetitive (80% on –20% off; ton = 10ms) –DC Operation 3 2.5 2 A A A Vsens Sensing Voltage –1 to 2.3 V Ptot Total Power Dissipation (Tcase = 75°C) 25 W Top Junction Operating Temperature –25 to 130 °C Tstg, Tj Storage and Junction Temperature –40 to 150 °C THERMAL DATA Symbol Parameter PowerSO20 Multiwatt15 Unit Rth j-case Thermal Resistance Junction-case Max. – 3 °C/W Rth j-amb Thermal Resistance Junction-ambient Max. 13 (*) 35 °C/W (*) Mounted on aluminum substrate 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 11 8 ENABLE B INPUT 3 LOGIC SUPPLY VOLTAGE VSS GND INPUT 2 ENABLE A INPUT 1 SUPPLY VOLTAGE VS OUTPUT 2 OUTPUT 1 CURRENT SENSING A TAB CONNECTED TO PIN 8 13 14 15 12 CURRENT SENSING B OUTPUT 4 OUTPUT 3 INPUT 4 D95IN240A Multiwatt15 PowerSO20 L298 2/13

Page 4

PIN FUNCTIONS (refer to the block diagram) MW.15 PowerSO Name Function 1;15 2;19 Sense A; Sense B Between this pin and ground is connected the sense resistor to control the current of the load. 2;3 4;5 Out 1; Out 2 Outputs of the Bridge A; the current that flows through the load connected between these two pins is monitored at pin 1. 4 6 VS Supply Voltage for the Power Output Stages. A non-inductive 100nF capacitor must be connected between this pin and ground. 5;7 7;9 Input 1; Input 2 TTL Compatible Inputs of the Bridge A. 6;11 8;14 Enable A; Enable B TTL Compatible Enable Input: the L state disables the bridge A (enable A) and/or the bridge B (enable B). 8 1,10,11,20 GND Ground. 9 12 VSS Supply Voltage for the Logic Blocks. A100nF capacitor must be connected between this pin and ground. 10; 12 13;15 Input 3; Input 4 TTL Compatible Inputs of the Bridge B. 13; 14 16;17 Out 3; Out 4 Outputs of the Bridge B. The current that flows through the load connected between these two pins is monitored at pin 15. – 3;18 N.C. Not Connected ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (VS = 42V; VSS = 5V, Tj = 25°C; unless otherwise specified) Symbol Parameter Test Conditions Min. Typ. Max. Unit VS Supply Voltage (pin 4) Operative Condition VIH +2.5 46 V VSS Logic Supply Voltage (pin 9) 4.5 5 7 V IS Quiescent Supply Current (pin 4) Ven = H; IL = 0 Vi = L Vi = H 13 50 22 70 mA mA Ven = L Vi = X 4 mA ISS Quiescent Current from VSS (pin 9) Ven = H; IL = 0 Vi = L Vi = H 24 7 36 12 mA mA Ven = L Vi = X 6 mA ViL Input Low Voltage (pins 5, 7, 10, 12) –0.3 1.5 V ViH Input High Voltage (pins 5, 7, 10, 12) 2.3 VSS V IiL Low Voltage Input Current (pins 5, 7, 10, 12) Vi = L –10 µA IiH High Voltage Input Current (pins 5, 7, 10, 12) Vi = H ≤ VSS –0.6V 30 100 µA Ven = L Enable Low Voltage (pins 6, 11) –0.3 1.5 V Ven = H Enable High Voltage (pins 6, 11) 2.3 VSS V Ien = L Low Voltage Enable Current (pins 6, 11) Ven = L –10 µA Ien = H High Voltage Enable Current (pins 6, 11) Ven = H ≤ VSS –0.6V 30 100 µA VCEsat (H) Source Saturation Voltage IL = 1A IL = 2A 0.95 1.35 2 1.7 2.7 V V VCEsat (L) Sink Saturation Voltage IL = 1A (5) IL = 2A (5) 0.85 1.2 1.7 1.6 2.3 V V VCEsat Total Drop IL = 1A (5) IL = 2A (5) 1.80 3.2 4.9 V V Vsens Sensing Voltage (pins 1, 15) –1 (1) 2 V L298 3/13

Page 5

Figure 1 : Typical Saturation Voltage vs. Output Current. Figure 2 : Switching Times Test Circuits. Note : For INPUT Switching, set EN = H For ENABLE Switching, set IN = H 1) 1)Sensing voltage can be –1 V for t ≤ 50 µsec; in steady state Vsens min ≥ – 0.5 V. 2) See fig. 2. 3) See fig. 4. 4) The load must be a pure resistor. ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued) Symbol Parameter Test Conditions Min. Typ. Max. Unit T1 (Vi) Source Current Turn-off Delay 0.5 Vi to 0.9 IL (2); (4) 1.5 µs T2 (Vi) Source Current Fall Time 0.9 IL to 0.1 IL (2); (4) 0.2 µs T3 (Vi) Source Current Turn-on Delay 0.5 Vi to 0.1 IL (2); (4) 2 µs T4 (Vi) Source Current Rise Time 0.1 IL to 0.9 IL (2); (4) 0.7 µs T5 (Vi) Sink Current Turn-off Delay 0.5 Vi to 0.9 IL (3); (4) 0.7 µs T6 (Vi) Sink Current Fall Time 0.9 IL to 0.1 IL (3); (4) 0.25 µs T7 (Vi) Sink Current Turn-on Delay 0.5 Vi to 0.9 IL (3); (4) 1.6 µs T8 (Vi) Sink Current Rise Time 0.1 IL to 0.9 IL (3); (4) 0.2 µs fc (Vi) Commutation Frequency IL = 2A 25 40 KHz T1 (Ven) Source Current Turn-off Delay 0.5 Ven to 0.9 IL (2); (4) 3 µs T2 (Ven) Source Current Fall Time 0.9 IL to 0.1 IL (2); (4) 1 µs T3 (Ven) Source Current Turn-on Delay 0.5 Ven to 0.1 IL (2); (4) 0.3 µs T4 (Ven) Source Current Rise Time 0.1 IL to 0.9 IL (2); (4) 0.4 µs T5 (Ven) Sink Current Turn-off Delay 0.5 Ven to 0.9 IL (3); (4) 2.2 µs T6 (Ven) Sink Current Fall Time 0.9 IL to 0.1 IL (3); (4) 0.35 µs T7 (Ven) Sink Current Turn-on Delay 0.5 Ven to 0.9 IL (3); (4) 0.25 µs T8 (Ven) Sink Current Rise Time 0.1 IL to 0.9 IL (3); (4) 0.1 µs L298 4/13

Page 6

Figure 3 : Source Current Delay Times vs. Input or Enable Switching. Figure 4 : Switching Times Test Circuits. Note : For INPUT Switching, set EN = H For ENABLE Switching, set IN = L L298 5/13

Page 7

Figure 5 : Sink Current Delay Times vs. Input 0 V Enable Switching. Figure 6 : Bidirectional DC Motor Control. L = Low H = High X = Don’t care Inputs Function Ven = H C = H ; D = L Forward C = L ; D = H Reverse C = D Fast Motor Stop Ven = L C = X ; D = X Free Running Motor Stop L298 6/13

Page 8

Figure 7 : For higher currents, outputs can be paralleled. Take care to parallel channel 1 with channel 4 and channel 2 with channel 3. APPLICATION INFORMATION (Refer to the block diagram) 1.1. POWER OUTPUT STAGE The L298 integrates two power output stages (A ; B). The power output stage is a bridge configuration and its outputs can drive an inductive load in com- mon or differenzial mode, depending on the state of the inputs. The current that flows through the load comes out from the bridge at the sense output : an external resistor (RSA ; RSB.) allows to detect the in- tensity of this current. 1.2. INPUT STAGE Each bridge is driven by means of four gates the in- put of which are In1 ; In2 ; EnA and In3 ; In4 ; EnB. The In inputs set the bridge state when The En input is high ; a low state of the En input inhibits the bridge. All the inputs are TTL compatible. 2. SUGGESTIONS A non inductive capacitor, usually of 100 nF, must be foreseen between both Vs and Vss, to ground, as near as possible to GND pin. When the large ca- pacitor of the power supply is too far from the IC, a second smaller one must be foreseen near the L298. The sense resistor, not of a wire wound type, must be grounded near the negative pole of Vs that must be near the GND pin of the I.C. Each input must be connected to the source of the driving signals by means of a very short path. Turn-On and Turn-Off : Before to Turn-ON the Sup- ply Voltage and before to Turn it OFF, the Enable in- put must be driven to the Low state. 3. APPLICATIONS Fig 6 shows a bidirectional DC motor control Sche- matic Diagram for which only one bridge is needed. The external bridge of diodes D1 to D4 is made by four fast recovery elements (trr ≤ 200 nsec) that must be chosen of a VF as low as possible at the worst case of the load current. The sense output voltage can be used to control the current amplitude by chopping the inputs, or to pro- vide overcurrent protection by switching low the en- able input. The brake function (Fast motor stop) requires that the Absolute Maximum Rating of 2 Amps must never be overcome. When the repetitive peak current needed from the load is higher than 2 Amps, a paralleled configura- tion can be chosen (See Fig.7). An external bridge of diodes are required when in- ductive loads are driven and when the inputs of the IC are chopped ; Shottky diodes would be preferred. L298 7/13

Page 9

This solution can drive until 3 Amps In DC operation and until 3.5 Amps of a repetitive peak current. On Fig 8 it is shown the driving of a two phase bipolar stepper motor ; the needed signals to drive the in- puts of the L298 are generated, in this example, from the IC L297. Fig 9 shows an example of P.C.B. designed for the application of Fig 8. Fig 10 shows a second two phase bipolar stepper motor control circuit where the current is controlled by the I.C. L6506. Figure 8 : Two Phase Bipolar Stepper Motor Circuit. This circuit drives bipolar stepper motors with winding currents up to 2 A. The diodes are fast 2 A types. RS1 = RS2 = 0.5 Ω D1 to D8 = 2 A Fast diodes { VF ≤ 1.2 V @ I = 2 Atrr ≤ 200 ns L298 8/13

Page 10

Figure 9 : Suggested Printed Circuit Board Layout for the Circuit of fig. 8 (1:1 scale). Figure 10 : Two Phase Bipolar Stepper Motor Control Circuit by Using the Current Controller L6506. RR and Rsense depend from the load current L298 9/13

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June 29, 2020

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June 1, 2020

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May 29, 2020

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May 13, 2020

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